Apostrophe -- Literary Term (definition)

The apostrophe has a particular meaning when applied to literature...

A) The Apostrophe Literary Term is a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and was able to reply.
"The Sun Rising" by John Donne
Busy old fool, unruly sun,
Why dost thou thus,
Through windows, and through curtains call on us?

B) Apostrophe, figure of speech in which an absent person, a personified inanimate being, or an abstraction is addressed as though present. The term is derived from a Greek word meaning "a turning away," and this sense is maintained when a narrative or dramatic thread is broken in order to digress by speaking directly to someone not there.
"Envy, be silent and attend!"—Alexander Pope, "On a Certain Lady at Court."

[A) source: www.types-of-poetry.org.uk / viewed 29-Mar-09]
[B) source: www.reference.com/ viewed 29-Mar-09]

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